People bearing heavy weight are often seen to undergo a kind of respiratory disorder known as Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome. The normal process of respiration includes regular gaseous inspiration and expiration. The respiratory system of the body is responsible for the inspiration of oxygen into the body and expiration of carbon dioxide out of the body. Blood vessels of the body assist the respiratory system to carry out its normal functioning.
Arteries and veins are the two types of blood vessels which carry the blood containing oxygen and carbon-di-oxide respectively. Arteries carry oxygenated blood from the heart to various organs of the body while veins carry deoxygenated blood from various body parts to the heart. Oxygen taken in from the outer environment incorporates into the alveoli of lungs. This intake of oxygen is utilized to keep the body cells vital. In simple words, oxygen is the energy of a cell while carbon dioxide excretory waste.
When a body faces lack of oxygen due to any reason, this causes some symptoms to arise which are collectively known as hypoventilation syndrome. When the condition of hypoventilation in a body occurs due to an obese body, it is termed as Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome.
The condition of lower concentration of oxygen in the body gives rise to multiple symptoms. Some of them are common while the other is specific. Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome includes occurrence of morning sickness, partial night sleeps, unavoidable continuous sleep in day time, swollen legs, drowsyness in the body, elevated blood pressure and considerable headache.
Weakness is noticed in the body as the cells starve for their energy i.e. oxygen. Snoring is the most commonly seen symptom noticed in case of Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome. This happens due to any obstacle in nasal passage.
According to the name, Hypoventilation is an abnormality in proper respiration which is characterized by the deficiency of oxygen in body cells. Low concentration of oxygen leads to the condition of hypertension and even heart failure. Mostly, the onset of the condition of hypoventilation occurs during sleep in night.
Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome is caused due to the excessive accumulation of cholesterol in the body of the patient. An obese person faces problem in sufficient breathing and cannot carry out the process rapidly. That’s why the body undergo the condition of hypoxemia i.e. lack of sufficient oxygen in the body. This causes the heart to work forcefully and it pumps the blood with pressure. In this way the Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome leads to abnormal functioning of heart.
Although the obese person is often advised to reduce the body weight in order to remain healthy and fit but weight loss becomes more important matter to avoid serious consequences such as heart failure. There is no suggested medication to treat Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome but to reduce extra fat of the body. Moreover, surgery can be done for the extraction of unnecessary weight of the body. Antibiotics and medicines can be taken for cure of high blood pressure and headache. Overall conclusion just resides in reduction of excess body weight.